Named after the moon Goddess in Chinese mythology, China’s Chang’e 4 land rover lands on far side of the moon which is the first ever such attempt and landing.
The past missions focus had been on the earth-facing side and this is the first time a craft as landed on the unexplored side of the moon. The moon is tidally locked to Earth which rotates at the same rate that it orbits our planet, so the far side is never visible from Earth and is relatively unexplored.
The aim of the mission is to take detailed measurements of the moon’s terrain and mineral composition. The craft carries instruments to characterize the regions geology as well as a biological experiment.